Judaism believes in one God, who created a covenant with the Jewish people. This covenant is upheld through living out the Torah.
Torah: Refers to
the scroll of the five books of Moses—Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and
Aliyah: Translated "going up," it is the honor of being call to the bimah (pulpit) to participate in the reading of the Torah.
Sh'ma: This is the central prayer of Jewish worship service, derived from Deuteronomy 6: "Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One."
Amidah: A series of praises, thanks, and petitions to God. This is one of the central features of the prayer service and is recited by the whole congregation.
The Torah is a guide to righteous living and the Book of Prophets offers important moral teachings.
Jews observe Kosher laws, meaning they do not eat pork, shellfish, or mix milk and meat. Some Jewish congregations require head coverings when entering synagogues.