Student Presidents

Citation and Avoiding Plagiarism

Students are often confused about citation: when it's necessary and how to do it.

When Citation is Necessary: Generally speaking, if you are using an idea generated or developed by someone else, you must give them credit to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is a form of cheating and can result in extreme consequences for a student. See the Academic Honesty Policy for details.

How to Cite - the Basics: Make it clear where in your paper another author's ideas begin and end. This is true for summaries, paraphrasing and word-for-word quotes. Phrases such as "according to..." and "[Author's last name] argues that..." are effective when indicating the start of another author's idea. An in-text citation or superscript/footnote is needed to show where in your paper the other author's ideas end. Finally, a list of all sources must be included within the paper. The formats of in-text citations, footnotes, and lists of sources vary depending on which style you're using.

The Benedictine University Library has many online resources available to students needing help with citation:

  • Plagiarism
    This web page provides information about what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.
  • Reforms
    This is an online tool that develops a bibliography.  The resulting document must be proof-read for accuracy!

Many students own a copy of The St. Martin's Handbook because it is required for WRIT 101, 102, and 104. This book has a great deal of information about four of the major styles:

  • Chapter 16: MLA Style
  • Chapter 17: APA Style
  • Chapter 18: Chicago Style
  • Chapter 19: CSE Style

Student Life enhances the development of students as lifelong learners and leaders by supporting them throughout the progression of their academic careers.

Student Life

Student Life

Marco Masini, Associate Vice President
Phone: (630) 829-6124
Fax: (630) 829-6348

Luba Baranivsky, Assistant to the VP

Krasa Student Center, Room 175
5700 College Road Lisle IL, 60532
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m