Students are often confused about citation: when it's necessary and how to do it.
When Citation is Necessary:
Generally speaking, if you are using an idea generated or developed by someone else, you must give them credit to avoid plagiarism. This applies whether you summarize, paraphrase, or quote a source. Plagiarism is a form of cheating and can result in extreme consequences for a student ranging from a zero on the plagiarized assignment to loss of scholarships, recommendations, and NCAA eligibility. In extreme cases, a student could be expelled from the university. See the Academic Honesty Policy for details. Take a plagiarism quiz to test your understanding.
How to Cite - the Basics:
Make it clear where in your paper another author's ideas begin and end. This is true for summaries, paraphrasing and word-for-word quotes.
Many students own a copy of The St. Martin's Handbook - 8th edition because it is required for WRIT 101, 102, and 104. This book has a great deal of information about four of the major styles:
Online resources on the Benedictine University Library website:
Online resources available at Purdue University
Online Writing Laboratory (OWL) - This site was developed by a federal grant. The point of it is so all universities don't have to develop the same web site. It's free!