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Philip M. Novack-Gottshall

Department of Biological Sciences
Benedictine University
5700 College Road
Lisle, IL 60532
(630) 829-6514


Research interests

Comparative paleoecology and ecology of invertebrate animals and marine communities; body size evolution; ecological convergence; quantitative methods and null models in ecological diversification and macroevolution; techniques of morphometrics, digital imaging, photomacrography, and biomechanics

Professional employment

Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Benedictine University, Lisle, IL

Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, University of West Georgia, Carrollton, GA (2005 – 2009)

Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of Geosciences, University of West Georgia, Carrollton, GA (2004 – 2005)

Research and professional affiliations

Research Associate, Department of Geology, The Field Museum, Chicago, IL

Data Contributor, Paleobiology Database

2011-2013, Editor, Priscum, Newsletter of the Paleontological Society (Click here for a recent issue)


Ph.D., Biology, Program in Evolution, Ecology and Organismal Biology – Duke University, Durham, NC, Sept. 2004

M.S., Geology – University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, June 1999

B.S., Summa cum laude with Honors – Moravian College, Bethlehem, PA, May 1996

Publications (and reprints)

Novack-Gottshall, Philip M. 2015. Book review of Gershwin, 2013: Stung! On Jellyfish Blooms and the Future of the Ocean. Priscum 22: 13–15.

Novack-Gottshall, P. and K. Burton. 2014. Morphometrics indicates giant Ordovician macluritid gastropods switched life habit during ontogeny. Journal of Paleontology 88: 1050–1055. (.pdf)

Payne, J.L., F.A. Smith, M. Kowalewski, R.A. Krause, Jr., A.G. Boyer, C.R. McClain, S. Finnegan, P.M. Novack-Gottshall, and L. Sheble. 2012. A lack of attribution: closing the citation gap through a reform of citation and indexing practices. Taxon 61: 1349-1354. (.pdf)

Bush, A. and P.M. Novack-Gottshall. 2011. Modeling the ecological-functional diversification of marine metazoa on geological time scales. Biology Letters. (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, Philip M. 2011. Biology's first law: A manifesto against physics envy. (Book review of McShea and Brandon, 2010: Biology's First Law: The Tendency for Diversity and Complexity to Increase in Evolutionary Systems.) Priscum Spring 2011: 10-11. (.pdf)

Villéger, S., P.M. Novack-Gottshall, and D. Mouillot. 2011. The multidimensionality of the niche reveals functional turnover in benthic marine biotas across geological time. Ecology Letters 14: 561-568 (pdf)

Kowalewski, M., J.L. Payne, F.A. Smith, S.C. Wang, D.W. McShea, S. Xiao, P.M. Novack-Gottshall, C.R. McClain, R.A. Krause, Jr., A.G. Boyer, S. Finnegan, S.K. Lyons, J.A. Stempien, J. Alroy, and P.A. Spaeth. 2011. The Geozoic Supereon. Palaios 26: 251-255. (.pdf)

Payne, J.L., C.R. McClain, A.G. Boyer, J.H. Brown, S. Finnegan, M. Kowalewski, R.A. Krause, Jr., S.K. Lyons, D.W. McShea, P.M. Novack-Gottshall, F.A. Smith, P. Spaeth, J.A. Stempien, and S.C. Wang. 2011. The evolutionary consequences of oxygenic photosynthesis: a body size perspective. Photosynthesis Research 107: 37-57. (.pdf)

Kowalewski, M. and P. Novack-Gottshall. 2010. Resampling methods in paleontology. Pp. 19-54 in J. Alroy and G. Hunt, eds. Quantitative Methods in Paleobiology. Paleontological Society Special Paper 16. Yale Printing Services, New Haven. (.pdf; click here for on-line supplementary information)

Bennington, J.B., W.A. DiMichele, C. Badgley, R.K. Bambach, P. Barrett, A.K. Behrensmeyer, R. Bobe, R. Burnham, T. Daeschler, J. Van Dam, J. Eronen, D.H. Erwin, S. Finnegan, S. Holland, G. Hunt, D. Jablonski, S.T. Jackson, B. Jacobs, S.M. Kidwell, P. Koch, M. Kowalewski, C. Labandeira, C. Looy, S.K. Lyons, P.M. Novack-Gottshall, R. Potts, P. Roopnarine, C. Strömberg, H. Sues, P. Wagner, P. Wilf, and S. Wing.  2009.  Critical issues of scale in paleoecology.  Palaios 24: 1-4. (.pdf)

Payne, J.L., A.G. Boyer, J.H. Brown, S. Finnegan, M. Kowalewski, R.A. Krause, Jr., S.K. Lyons, C.R. McClain, D.W. McShea, P.M. Novack-Gottshall, F.A. Smith, J.A. Stempien, and S.C. Wang. 2009. Two-phase increase in the maximum size of life over 3.5 billion years reflects biological innovation and environmental opportunity.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 106: 24-27 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M. and M.A. Lanier. 2008. Scale-dependence of Cope’s rule in body size evolution of Paleozoic brachiopods.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 105: 5430-5434 (.pdf; click here for on-line supporting information)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M.  2008.  Ecosystem-wide body size trends in Cambrian-Devonian marine invertebrate lineages.  Paleobiology 34: 210-228 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M.  2007.  Using simple body size metrics to estimate fossil body volume: Empirical validation using diverse Paleozoic invertebrates.  Palaios 23: 163-173 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M.  2007.  Using a theoretical ecospace to quantify the ecological diversity of Paleozoic and modern marine biotas.  Paleobiology 33: 274-295 (.pdf)

Kosnik, M.A., D. Jablonski, R. Lockwood, and P.M. Novack-Gottshall.  2006.  Quantifying molluscan body size in evolutionary and ecological analyses: Maximizing the return on data collection efforts.  Palaios 21: 588-597 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M.  2005.  Book review of The Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event, B.D. Webby, F. Paris, M.L. Droser, and I.G. Percival, eds.  Palaios 20: 506-511 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M. and A.I. Miller.  2003.  Comparative geographic and environmental diversity dynamics of gastropods and bivalves during the Ordovician Radiation.  Paleobiology 29: 576-604 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M. and A.I. Miller.  2003.  Taxonomic richness and abundance of Late Ordovician gastropods and bivalves in mollusc-rich strata of the Cincinnati Arch.  Palaios 18: 559-571 (.pdf)

Alroy, J., C.R. Marshall, R.K. Bambach, K. Bezusko, M. Foote, F.T. Fürsich, T.A. Hansen, S.M. Holland, L.C. Ivany, D. Jablonski, D.K. Jacobs, D.C. Jones, M.A. Kosnik, S. Lidgard, S. Low, A.I. Miller, P.M. Novack-Gottshall, T.D. Olszewski, M.E. Patzkowsky, D.M. Raup, K. Roy, J.J. Sepkoski, Jr., M.G. Sommers, P.J. Wagner, and A. Webber.  2001.  Effects of sampling standardization on estimates of Phanerozoic marine diversification.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.A.) 98: 6261-6266 (.pdf)

Novack-Gottshall, P.M.  2000.  Large-scale perspectives in community ecology (Book review of Maurer, 1997: Untangling Ecological Complexity).  Complexity 6(1): 58-59 (.pdf)