Students are often confused about citation: when it's necessary and how to do it.
When Citation is Necessary: Generally speaking, if you are using an idea generated or developed by someone else, you must give them credit to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism is a form of cheating and can result in extreme consequences for a student. See the Academic Honesty Policy for details.
How to Cite - the Basics: Make it clear where in your paper another author's ideas begin and end. This is true for summaries, paraphrasing and word-for-word quotes. Phrases such as "according to..." and "[Author's last name] argues that..." are effective when indicating the start of another author's idea. An in-text citation or superscript/footnote is needed to show where in your paper the other author's ideas end. Finally, a list of all sources must be included within the paper. The formats of in-text citations, footnotes, and lists of sources vary depending on which style you're using.
The Benedictine University Library has many online resources available to students needing help with citation:
Many students own a copy of The St. Martin's Handbook because it is required for WRIT 101, 102, and 104. This book has a great deal of information about four of the major styles: